A little trip back in time
Archaeological ground research reveals the presence of settlers on Mount Castle since the Romans. In 1910 the Beilstein wine grower Josef Rengel found a stone casket (coffin) on the eastern side of the mountain dating back to the Franconia-age (about the 5th to 8th century).. 1268 was the year of the first tenure of a ruling dynasty in Beilstein – the masters from Braunshorn. They in turn suffered extinction in 1362 with the death of the last Braunshorn male member of the family-line.
With the marriage of Lisa of Braunshorn, the Winneburg dynasty became the dominant ruling family in Beilstein between 1363 and 1637. The Trier-Cathedral ‘Chapter’ was pledged back to ownership of the town by the last of the Winneburgs, loaning the rule of Beilstein to the final ruling dynasty, the von Metternich’s. They in turn controlled the fate of our town until the occupation of the region by the revolutionary French army in 1794. Following the freedom of our stretch of land from the French State by the Viennese Congress in 1815, it fell to Prussia. It was some time later that it became part of the Prussian Province of the Rhine.
The most important feudalistic dynasty ruler of Beilstein in the Middle Ages was Johann II von Braunshorn (between about 1270 and 1347). He obtained the Freedom of the City from the German King, Henry VII, in 1310. During 1309 he organised the settlement of an important Jewish community and subsequently arranged the commencement of building Beilstein’s town wall in 1310. In 1316 there came, what for such a small town was unusual to say the least, the royal consent to the town for market-freedom. Our small stretch of land has been ruled by the occupation of a large variety of armies, land workers and cultures for 2000 years. How we are today is the consequence of collective experiences; the contribution of numerous languages, a variety of cultures and diverse religions. Most recently, new radical agendas have shaken-up through the system and mostly, been good for us.